In the army there are 3 main FM's that cover leadership. They are FM 7-0, FM 7-1, and FM 6-22. The Army's definition of leadership is the process of influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization. An army leader is anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to accomplish organizational goals. Army leaders motivate people both inside and outside the chain of command to pursue actions, focus thinking, and shape decisions for the greater good of the organization.
Influencing is getting soldiers to do what is necessary. Influencing entails more than simply passing along orders. Leaders must set the example for soldiers with every action taken and word spoken both on and off duty. By ensuring that through actions and words the NCO is doing the right thing they show their soldier's what is expected of them as soldiers in the Army. When an NCO properly influences their soldiers they give them purpose, direction, and motivation.
Purpose gives soldiers the reason to act in order to achieve a desired outcome. Leaders give soldiers purpose through the use of requests and/or orders given to the soldiers.
Providing clear direction involves communicating how to accomplish a mission. Direction helps soldiers to prioritize tasks, assign responsibility, and ensure soldiers understand the standard for accomplishing the mission. Soldiers want and need direction and they need challenging tasks, quality training, and adequate resources to accomplish the mission. Soldiers develop professionally when given appropriate freedom of action. Providing clear direction allows soldiers the freedom to modify plans and orders to adapt to changing circumstances. A sergeant should take the time and have the patience to explain to the soldiers what is required of them to ensure the soldiers have all the information required to properly accomplish the task. A sergeant does it by calling them together for a few minutes to talk about the workload, the time constraints, and all criteria for successful mission completion. Although many soldiers may tire of hearing from sergeants about how well they are doing it is an important part of keeping soldiers motivated. The payoff comes when a unit is given more mission tasking's than they have NCO's to supervise them all. The sergeant will not have time to explain, acknowledge performance, or motivate all their soldiers, they may not even be able to be with their soldiers at all. The leader will not have to worry because he will already know that his soldiers will do their jobs and accomplish the mission because their leader has earned their trust and given soldiers enough rope to complete the task on their own before when they where able to supervise and revise their soldiers performance and ensure their soldiers are competent.
Motivation supplies the will to do what is necessary to accomplish a mission. Motivation comes from within, but is affected by external stimulation like like their leaders actions and words. A leader's role in motivation is to understand the needs and desires of their soldiers so they know what actions to take in order to motivate the individuals and the group as a whole. Some people have high levels of internal motivation to get a job done, while others need more reassurance and feedback. Motivation spurs initiative when something needs to be accomplished. Soldiers become members of the Army team for the challenge. That is why it is important to keep them motivated with demanding assignments and missions. As a leader, you should learn as much as possible about others capabilities and limitations, then give over as much responsibility as can be handled. When subordinates succeed, praise them. When they fall short, give them credit for what they have done right, but advise them on how to do better. When motivating...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document