Running head: COMMUNITY TEACHING WORK PLA
Community Teaching Work Plan
Cristeta Flynn, Lynette Ortiz, Virginia Wilson, James LaRue
Grand Canyon University
Community Teaching Work Plan
This is a Community Teaching Plan Work Proposal group project for the city of San Diego, and our target community is children in elementary school. We have chosen primary health promotion/prevention and will address Childhood Obesity, which falls under the category of Nutrition and Weight Status in Healthy People 2020.
According to the County of San Diego, HHSA, Public Health Services, Community Health Statistics (County of San Diego, August 2011, p. 11-13), one in four children in San Diego is overweight or obese, which is slightly higher than the national average. Overweight children are far more likely to be obese as adults (California Center for Public Health Advocacy, 2009), and if today’s current trend continues, it is anticipated that 1 in 3 children born in the United States after the year 2000 will develop type 2 diabetes. This is our epidemiological rationale for choosing this topic.
There are multiple nursing diagnoses that apply to our topic, such as: Altered nutrition, food intake exceeds body needs, reported/observed dysfunctional eating patterns, knowledge deficit, ineffective health maintenance, activity intolerance, and sedentary lifestyle. Factors that would indicate readiness to learn for the elementary school population include both emotional and experiential aspects. According to Eleanor M. Thomas (Thomas, August 7, 2006) these factors include the child’s language and communication skills, the child’s academic skills, the child’s self-regulation of their own learning, the child’s self-control of their behavior, and the child’s social competence and independence. Other factors that influence readiness for learning are the child’s and the family’s characteristics, the income level of the child’s household, the child’s parent’s education, the family structure, and the presence or absence of the child’s opportunities to participate in group activities with peers. (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008).
Our target community is 5-11 year old age group, and a combination of behavioral theory and developmental theory is optimal for teaching this topic. In behavioral theory, teachers can observe and identify the food habits of children at different age levels. It is also possible to figure out the quality of the food consumed by different age groups, gender, and socio-economic group. For example, the quality of the diet consumed by the children from poor families may be high in calorie and low in nutrients, while the food consumed by the children from an upper class family may be more balanced and richer in nutrients. Vocabulary, communications skills, attention span, and grasping power vary with the developmental level. Therefore, the selection of teaching tools such as language, pictures, handouts, and lectures need to be suitable for the developmental level within the targeted group. The Nutrition and Weight Status objectives within Healthy People 2020 reflect strong science supporting the health benefits of eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy body weight. One Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase the proportion of schools that offer nutritious foods and beverages outside of school (Healthy People 2012). The rationale for using this Healthy People 2020 objective is to promote and encourage schools to offer less high calorie/sweetened food and beverages such as potato chips and soda pops to its students, thereby increasing healthier choices by offering healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables.
The above Healthy People 2020 goal of Nutrition and Weight Status aligns with The Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiative goals of: 1) Education about health problems and the means to prevent or control them and 2) Improved food supply and adequate nutrition for the...
References: California Center for Public Health Advocacy (2009). Overweight and obesity among children by california cities. san diego fact sheet.Retrieved August 6, 2012 from http://www.sdcounty.ca.gov/hhsa/programs/phs/documents/CHS-CHISChild2009_2011.pdf
King, M. A. (n.d.). How is cultural competence integrated in education? Retrieved August 9, 2012, from http://cecp.air.org/cultural/Q_integrated.htm
Lauren, D. (2012). Community Helpers Activities for Kindergarten. In eHow. Retrieved August 10, 2012, from http://www.ehow.com/info_7831607_community-helpers-activities- kindergarten.html
Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2009). Community/public health nursing practice: health for families and populations (4th ed.). St Louis MO: Saunders/Elsevier.
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2008). Public health nursing: population-centered health care in the community (7th ed.). St Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Thomas, E. M. (August 7, 2006). Readiness to learn is school among five-year-old children in canada. Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-599-m/89-599-m2006004-eng.pdf
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Healthy people 2020 topics & objectives. nutrition and weight status. Retrieved August 6, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/objectiveslist.aspx?topicId=29
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