G. Amazons and War
Women are seen as victims and helpless in literature which discusses conflict. But they are more than victims. These narratives do not mention the women who fight alongside the men in battle. They do not mention the reasons why these women chose to fight. (Mendez, 2012) The Filipina has been described in many ways. At times, she
has been referred to as shy, submissive and pretty, much like the traditional Maria Clara. At other times, she has been portrayed as independent, enterprising, powerful or influential and quite “liberated” particularly when seen in comparison with her Asian women neighbors. “The power behind the throne,” she is often called; the “throne” presumably being a position of significance visibly occupied...
During the second world war, she personally attended to the needs of the war prisoners in Capas, Tarlac and supplied them with food, clothing and medicine (Guzman, Santiago, Guzman, & Erestain, 1967). One captivating story about a spy during the guerrilla movement was that of Josefina Guerrero, also known as “Joey”. In Ben Montgomery’s The Leper Spy, the book covers Joey’s accomplishments as an asset in the guerrilla movement as she undertook missions that could have been impossible to attain by others because of one crucial yet unlikely advantage – leprosy (The FilAm, 2016).
Aside from these roles, women at early times of the war were also assigned to the service divisions of the HUKBALAHAP, including propaganda, communication (courier duties), organization, intelligence, secretariat, and education. Sadly, unlike
male Huk leaders, who had received some recognition in the historical record, female Huks remained (largely) faceless, unnamed, and unrecognized. (Lanzona, 2009)
Though these women joined the movement for vastly different reasons, the fact remains that these women contributed to the movement of their own volition. They joined for revenge, for peace and for freedom.
This particular topic has been of interest to historians especially from feminist writers (Doran, 1998). Feminist theorists have tried to analyze and create theories regarding the correlation of women and their involvement in conflicts the world cover. One feminist term from the early 1970's, "Her-story", stressed the absence of women from "His-story" in conventional historiography (Weber, 2006). The common trend of mentioning women in history is that they are usually mentioned as secondary characters such as wives, mothers and sisters. A theory that fights against this is the Feminist Peace and Conflict Theory which asserts the biological versus the socially constructed concept of gender (Weber, 2006). It can be observed in autobiographies and biographies from war times that females involvement are mentioned by some as the soldier's mother, sister, wife, love interest, sex objects, or to some extent simply as "the women". In the Feminist Peace and Conflict Theory, it asserts that a biological versus a socially constructed concept of gender is indicative in these cases (Weber, 2006). This is further supported by Christine Doran as she mentions that, " This pattern is seen partly as a reflection of the prevailing gender system at the time of the revolution, which limited both the...
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