World Hunger: Problem, Causes, Effects, and Solutions
In the world today, over 925 million people that are effected by hunger; that makes about 1 in 7 people in the world hungry, especially the rural poor, urban poor, and victims of catastrophic events. What is chronic hunger? It is being undernourished and being able to only eats the minimal amount of food that the body needs to survive. Chronic hunger means you do not know when your next meal will be eaten or how it will be procured. The Oxford English dictionary defines hunger as “the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by the want of food the want or scarcity of food in a country a strong desire or craving, MALNUTRITION”. Statistical data of world hunger started in 1969 by the United Nations. Here is a breakdown of countries and there hunger estimation (courtesy of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations): Sub-Saharan Africa: 239 million Asia and the Pacific: 578 million
Latin America and the Caribbean: 53 million
Near East and North Africa: 37 million
Developed countries: 19 million
World Hunger is can be attributed to poverty, harmful cultural norms, a global population boom, and food shortages (worldhunger.org). According to the Bread for the World organization, in “Around the world, 178 million children under 5 are stunted, low height for age. Of all stunted children, 90 percent live in just 36 countries, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South and Central Asia.” Also, “In countries with high levels of childhood malnutrition, the economic loss can be as high as 2-3 percent of GDP” (bread.org). Countries that deny women equal opportunity rights because of cultural norms create a major contribution to poverty and thus hunger. Two-thirds of the world’s poor are illiterate females (The Hunger Project). Global food prices rising coupled with the lack of an...
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