Murrays List of Psychogenic Needs

Topics: Blame, Praise, Psychology Pages: 2 (379 words) Published: September 11, 2012
Murray's Needs

This is the list of 'psychogenic' needs identified in Explorations in Personality, edited by Henry A. Murray in 1938. They are divided into five groups. Ambition needs
Need| Definition|
Achievement| To accomplish difficult tasks, overcoming obstacles and achieving expertize. | Exhibition| To impress others through one's actions and words, even if what is said or done is shocking.| Recognition| To show achievements to others and gain recognition for these.|  

Materialistic needs
Need| Definition|
Acquisition| To acquire things.|
Retention| To keep things that have been acquired.|
Order| To make things clean, neat and tidy.|
Construction| To make and build things.|
Power needs
Need| Definition|
Abasement| To surrender and submit to others, accept blame and punishment. To enjoy pain and misfortune. | Aggression| To forcefully overcome an opponent, controlling, taking revenge or punishing them.| Autonomy| To break free from constraints, resisting coercion and dominating authority. To be irresponsible and independent.| Blame avoidance| To not be blamed for things done.|

Contrariance| To oppose the attempted persuasion of others.| Deference| To admire a superior person, praising them and yielding to them and following their rules.| Dominance| To control one's environment, controlling other people through command or subtle persuasion.| Harm avoidance| To escape or avoid pain, injury and death. | Infavoidance| To avoid being humiliated or embarrassed. |  

Status defense needs
Need| Definition|
Counteraction| To make up for failure by trying again, pridefully seeking to overcome obstacles. | Defendance| To defend oneself against attack or blame, hiding any failure of the self.| Infavoidance| To avoid being humiliated or embarrassed. |  

Affection needs
Need| Definition|
Affiliation| To be close and loyal to another person, pleasing them and winning their...
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