# "Bond" Essays and Research Papers

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### Bond

perpetual bond is currently selling for RS. 95/-. The coupon rate of interest is 13.5%. The approximate discount rate is 15%. The value of the bond and the YTM is: (a) Rs. 90/- and 14.2% Value is (13.5*15%=90) and YTM is ((13.5/95)*100=14.21%) (b) Rs. 100/- and 13.5% (c) Rs. 90 and 15% (d) Rs. 90/- and 13.5% 902. In 2001, Meridian Ltd. has issued bonds of Rs. 10,000/-each due in 2011 with a 14% per annum coupon rate payable at the end of each year during the life of the bond. If the required...

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### Bonds

BOND PROBLEM SOLUTIONS 1. Six years ago, The Corzine Company sold a 20-year bond issue with a 14 percent annual coupon rate and a 9 percent call premium. Today, Corzine called the bonds. The bonds originally were sold at their face value of \$1,000. Compute the realized rate of return for investors who purchased the bonds when they were issued and who surrender them today in exchange for the call price. PV = 1000; N = 6; PMT = 140; FV = 1090; CPT I/Y I/Y = 15.02% 2. You just purchased...

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### Bonds

NAME: MASSAWE BARAKA, REG. NO: 2010-04-03894. 12 FINANCE 202 INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT UDBS Consider a 10 year bond that has a face value shs 1000, a coupon rate of 6% and pays interest once a year. (a)Suppose person A bought this bond at par when it was initially issued and sold it 1 year later to person B for shs 1024.What is B’s total return? Soln Total return =[ Interest paid +(selling price – buying price)]/buying price Given; Annual interest paid = coupon rate x par value, coupon...

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### Bonds: Bond and Cash Flow

﻿BONDS Bonds pay fixed coupon (interest) payments at fixed intervals (usually every six months) and pay the par value at maturity. Par value = \$1,000 Coupon = 6.5% or par value per year, or \$65 per year (\$32.50 every six months). Maturity = 28 years (matures in 2032). Issued by AT&T. Types of Bonds Debentures - unsecured bonds. Subordinated debentures - unsecured “junior” debt. Mortgage bonds - secured bonds. Zeros - bonds that pay only par value at maturity; no coupons. Junk bonds - speculative...

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### Bond and Percent

Week 3 Time Value of Money and Valuing Bonds Chapter 6 55. Amortization with Equal Payments Prepare an amortization schedule for a five-year loan of \$36,000. The interest rate is 9 percent per year, and the loan calls for equal annual payments. How much interest is paid in the third year? Answer: \$2,108.52 56. Amortization with Equal Principal Payments Rework Problem 55 assuming that the loan agreement calls for a principal reduction of \$7,200 every year instead of equal annual payments. Answer:...

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### Bonds and Stocks

Corporate Bonds, Common stock, and Preferred Stock Higher return means higher risk. People use excess money to invest in a corporation. It is a good way gain more money than put money into the saving account to get a little interest. Before you invest you should analyze the characteristics of corporate bonds, common stock, and preferred stock; and also be aware of their advantages and disadvantages. The corporate bonds are issued by corporations. They are used to increase capital for issuing...

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### Stock and Bond

stocks and bonds which can be a sign of the company’s financial standing in a market. Since investors are risk averse and they would not like to put their money on stocks and bonds of a struggling company, but they would like to put their money on stocks and bonds of a stable and a progressing company. Investors benefit from company’s profit in the form of dividend when they buy a company’s stocks and investors can get higher or lower yield based on the bonds. This is the rationale behind bonds’ and stocks’...

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### Bond Valuation

Value of Money to Security Valuation – Valuation of Bonds and Debt Securities A bond or a debenture is a long term debt instrument carrying a fixed rate of interest which is known to investors. A bond is redeemable after a specified period. Bonds are also called gilt edged securities or gilt when issued by the government since it is free of default risk. Features of a Bond or Debenture • Face Value – Face value is called par value. A bond / debenture is generally issued at a par value and...

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### Stocks and Bonds

In the financial markets, the most common forms of marketable securities are stocks and bonds. Though they have some similarities to each other, they differ greatly in many aspects. Broadly speaking, both financial instruments enable one to invest in corporations, public and/or private, with possible profitable returns in the future. Stocks (or shares), by definition, are shares of ownership in a company. By purchasing stocks in a company, the investor becomes a part owner, and thereby owns a percentage...

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### Type of Bonds

of Bonds Fixed rate bonds have a coupon that remains constant throughout the life of the bond. A variation are stepped-coupon bonds, whose coupon increases during the life of the bond. Zero-coupon bonds (zeros) pay no regular interest. They are issued at a substantial discount to par value, so that the interest is effectively rolled up to maturity (and usually taxed as such). The bondholder receives the full principal amount on the redemption date. High-yield bonds (junk bonds) are bonds that...

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